Every September 11, Catalonia celebrates its national festival and commemorates the events of the defence of Barcelona during the Spanish War of Succession in 1714. The senyera
flag, the Cant dels Segadors and demonstrations are its main features.
On September 11, 1714 the site of Barcelona culminated as part of the Spanish War of Succession, during which the Bourbons (Philip V) fought against the Habsburgs (archduke Charles). This fact represented the abolition of Catalan institutions. Catalonia took this date as a symbol of the struggle to recover its own civil freedoms.
Towns and villages throughout the entire country stain themselves with the colours of the senyera flag, which residents hang from their balconies and use in demonstrations. The Cant dels Segadors, Catalonia's anthem, is another essential symbolic element on this date, referred to as the National Day of Catalonia or the Day of September 11. The monument of Rafael Casanova in Barcelona is the source of many floral tributes from entities and political parties.