The Catalan Mediterranean climate is especially favourable to growing vines. Catalonia has many hours of sun, even in winter, and enjoys summers with moderate temperatures. Rainfall is concentrated mainly in spring and autumn.
Its great geographical diversity has led Catalonia to have 11 designations of origin (DO) for wine. These are:
- DO Penedès
- DO Terra Alta
- DO Catalunya
- DO Tarragona
- DO Conca de Barberà
- DO Costers del Segre
- DO Empordà
- DO Montsant
- DOQ Priorat (DOQ: Qualified Designation of Origin)
- DO Alella
- DO Pla de Bages
In addition there is a Cava Designation of Origin, located mainly in the Penedès region.
Thus, Catalonia has many attractions for tourism in its wine regions, such as visits to wineries, walks through vineyards, festivals, wine tasting, and food and wine matching classes. Meanwhile, there are increasing numbers of wellness centres focusing on wine therapy treatments, which apply the properties of grapes and wine to health and well-being.